Dr. Michael Karner, VIRTUAL VEHICLE Research Center, Graz, Austria
Dr. Michael Karner is lead researcher for Embedded Systems at VIRTUAL VEHICLE in Graz, Austria. He received a master’s (Information and Computer Engineering) and doctoral degree (Electrical Engineering) from Graz University of Technology. He has been active as project manager for the ARTEMIS project DEWI (focussing on dependable wireless infrastructure), with a budget of 40M€ and involving nearly 60 partners from 11 European countries. Currently, he is the project manager for the successor ECSEL project SCOTT (focussing on cost-efficient solutions of wireless, end-to-end secure, trustworthy connectivity and interoperability in the Internet of Things), with a budget of 40M€ and involving nearly 60 partners from 11 European countries and Brazil). He has more than ten years industrial and scientific research experience in the field of wireless systems, communication networks and protocols, automotive electrics/electronics and software, cooperative safety systems as well as co-simulation. Furthermore, he is active as a reviewer and technical program committee member in several conferences and journals.
Presentation: Smart Wireless Solutions – Building Trust in the Internet of Things
The first part of the presentation will give a comprehensive summary of use cases, results, and expected socio-economic impacts of the DEWI project.
Smart wireless systems (wireless sensor and actuators networks, WSNs) have a number of explicit advantages over wired solutions. However, wired technologies still dominate, mainly due to the lack of dependability of wireless networks.
Therefore, in 2014 the large pan-European R&D project DEWI was launched, focussing on dependable solutions for WSNs and short-range communication (TRL 4-5). With its four industrial domains (Aeronautics, Automotive, Rail, and Building) and 21 industry-driven use cases / applications, DEWI aimed at providing and demonstrating key solutions for wireless seamless connectivity and interoperability, by considering everyday physical environments of citizens in buildings, cars, trains and airplanes. DEWI, with 58 industrial and research partners from 11 European countries, created a universal cross-domain reference architecture, fully compliant with international standards (ISO/IEC) and thus fostering reusability, scalability, and interoperability of DEWI solutions (and beyond). Besides creating 30 re-useable technical building blocks, DEWI focussed on the scalability of all its solutions. Key results of DEWI were made tangible via 20 attractive real-life demonstrators all over Europe.
The second part of the presentation will give an overview of the SCOTT project, will highlight issues of trust and trustability in the Internet of Things, and will present first project results.
Creating trust in wireless solutions and increasing their social acceptance are major challenges to achieve the full potential of the Internet of Things. Therefore, SCOTT – Secure COnnected Trustable Things, a pan-European effort with 57 key partners from 12 countries (EU and Brazil), will provide comprehensive cost-efficient solutions of wireless, end-to-end secure, trustworthy connectivity and interoperability (Technology Readiness Level 6-7) to bridge the last mile to market implementation. SCOTT will not just deal with ‚things that are connected‘, but with ‚trustable things that securely communicate‘, i.e. things interconnected by dependable wireless technology and valuing the end-users‘ privacy rules.
SCOTT uses a standardized multi-domain reference architecture, created in a predecessor project (DEWI and its “Bubble concept”) and being fully compliant with ISO 29182 – Sensor Network Reference Architecture, which fosters reusability, scalability, and interoperability of SCOTT solutions. SCOTT also utilizes a clearly use-case driven approach with 15 use cases from different areas of high relevance to European society and industry; a specific focus will be put on cross-domain use cases and heterogeneous environments, emphasizing 5G and cloud computing aspects to build up digital ecosystems to achieve a broader market penetration.
Use Cases will be further substantiated by the development and utilization of nearly 50 technical building blocks for security/safety, distributed cloud integration, energy efficiency/autonomy of devices and reference architecture/implementations, which are all necessary to realize the SCOTT use cases and facilitate composability of systems as well as cross-domain sharing of trustable wireless technologies and services.
SCOTT will open up new market opportunities for industry, will significantly reduce time to market and decrease costs for trustable wireless solutions on the market, in particular by using new designs and technical building blocks. SCOTT will develop methods and tools capable of meeting prospect use-case requirements on reliability, robustness, security and functional safety even in harsh and/or not trusted environments.
SCOTT will build up and apply a comprehensive, dedicated Trusted System Development Framework to all its use cases to significantly foster acceptance of SCOTT solutions on the market, and to unleash the full potential of the Internet of Things.
Prof. Dirk Pesch, Nimbus Research Centre at Cork Institute of Technology in Ireland
Dirk Pesch is a Professor and Head of the Nimbus Research Centre at Cork Institute of Technology in Ireland. The Nimbus Research Centre, that Dirk directs, carries out research and innovation in Cyber-Physical Systems and the Internet of Things with applications in energy and water resource management, smart manufacturing, health and assisted living, smart cities and the built environment. Dirk’s own research interests focus on architecture and design of low power wireless networks and services for the Internet of Things and interoperability issues associated with the IoT applications. He has over 25 years research and development experience in both industry and academia and has (co-)authored over 200 scientific articles. Dirk is involved in key national research initiatives in Ireland such as the SFI funded CONNECT Centre for Future Networks and its ENABLE smart cities and communities research programme and the CONFIRM Centre for Smart Manufacturing. Dirk is also active in EU funded research projects, including as coordinator. He has been involved with two startups and contributes to international conference organization in his area of expertise. Dirk received a Dipl.Ing. degree from RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and a PhD from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, both in Electrical & Electronic Engineering. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE.
Presentation: Challenges for Interoperability in the Industrial Internet of Things
Interoperability is a major challenge for the Internet of Things. A plethora of machine to machine communication standards, data formats and representations, and IoT platforms exist that are all essentially not (fully) interoperable. Each M2M standard comes with its own protocols, message formats and data representations. A number of standards bodies and industry associations are trying to standardize aspects of the Internet of Things space. However, due to the fast developing area and commercial opportunities, many companies move ahead with their own developments in the hope that they will achieve sufficient adoption of their technology so that they do not have to worry about standards.
This talk will summarize the current state of the art in machine to machine communication, data formats and representations, IoT platforms and the challenges that this and other constraints pose for a wide spread adoption of the IoT in industry. We will then explore possible solutions to the interoperability issues and suggest possible paths forward.
Prof. Seeram Ramakrishna, FREng, National University of Singapore (NUS)
Seeram Ramakrishna, FREng is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the National University of Singapore (NUS). He leads the Circular Economy taskforce with members drawn from across the university, and various national research institutes under the Agency for Science, Technology and Research, ASTAR, Singapore. He is an advisor to the National Environment Agency of Singapore on Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy. He is a member of World Economic Forum’s Technology and Innovation for the Future of Production committee. He chairs the Future of Manufacturing technical committee at the Institution of Engineers Singapore. He is a member of Smart Manufacturing Standards Committee of Singapore. He is a Highly Cited Researcher (highlycited.com; Clarivate Analytics). Thomson Reuters identified him among the World’s most influential scientific minds. A European study (http://www.webometrics.info/en/node/58) placed him among the only five researchers from Singapore with H index over 100, and among the only 1612 highly cited researchers (h > 100) in the world. He received PhD from the University of Cambridge, UK, and The General Management Training from the Harvard University, USA. He is an elected Fellow of UK Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng); Singapore Academy of Engineering; Indian National Academy of Engineering; and ASEAN Academy of Engineering & Technology. He is an elected Fellow of major professional societies in Singapore, UK, India and USA. His leadership roles includes University Vice-President (Research Strategy); Dean of Faculty of Engineering; Director of NUS Enterprise; Director of NUS Industry Liaison Office; Founding Director of N U S Bioengineering; Founding Co-Director of NUS Nanoscience & Nanotechnology Initiative, NUSNNI; and Founding Chairman of Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, SERIS. He served on the boards of several national organizations. He founded a successful international organization- the Global Engineering Deans Council, GEDC (http://gedcouncil.org/ambassadors).
Presentation: IoT and Circular Economy
Since the first industrial revolution generations of people used to linear economy (LE) i.e. produce, use and throw. The LE model depletes materials, energy and water resources. Moreover the undesirable effects of LE on the living environment is evident around the world. Growing consumerism and urbanization raised concerns about the sustainability for future generations. Call for legislative pressure, stricter environmental laws, and coordinated efforts to move away from the LE to circular economy, CE is gaining momentum. New legislations in Europe, China, Japan, USA and Singapore put pressure on industries and businesses to bear the responsibility for environmental impacts of their products over the entire life cycles. China studied the best practices of pioneering EU countries, and passed laws to promote CE. CE oriented industrial system involves the use of renewable energy, elimination of use of toxic chemicals, elimination of waste through superior design of products, resources efficiency, remanufacture products, recover resources at the end of service life, and innovative business models.
Circular Economy (CE) concept is trending around the world with major consulting firms Accenture, Deloitte, Ernest & Young, and McKinsey publishing reports in the last two years. Accenture estimates an economic opportunity of five trillion dollars for businesses moving to the Circular Economy.
Internet of Things (IoT) coupled with new technologies such as sensors, big data analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, cloud computing, cyber physical systems, automation, and nanotechnology is an enabler of the circular economy.
For example, IoT, sensors, and big data analytics help to monitor, diagnose, preventive maintenance, and reduce harmful emissions in the transportation sector. New approaches include re-design of vehicles and materials selection with environment in mind, and processes to ensure complete recycling of used vehicles. Application of augmented reality, virtual manufacturing and smart manufacturing or digital manufacturing to shorten lead-time, reduce cost, improve productivity and quality. This is applicable to land, sea, and aerospace transport systems. Similar examples are emerging in plastics, wood, paper, construction, water use, solid waste handling, clean energy generation and use, resources efficiency and productivity of manufacturing processes, agriculture, farm produce, food packaging, beverages, textiles, supply chains, and services sectors.
Using these technologies garments company Zara designs and stock an outfit in its stores around the world in 20 days! Urban farming enabled by these technologies reduces the water consumption and fertilizer consumption while improving the yield and quality. More over these improved practices contribute to lowering of carbon foot print of products. New approaches integrate environmental factors to realize sustainable product design and manufacturing, and eco-friendliness of products and uses. Hybrid technologies involving IoT and CE are to increase net welfare gains with minimal negative impact on the environment and human wellbeing. They are expected to transform the production systems, business models, economic growth, employment, living, and sustainability. They enable the vision of smart, green and livable cities.
This lecture examines how the IoT associated technologies and CE concepts will impact the industry and environment? Other questions that will be addressed include which sectors of the economy will have the most impact? Which industries and businesses will be benefited and who will be affected? What are the opportunities for innovation? What are the best practices around the world, and examples to emulate? What are the changes needed in engineering education to nurture future engineers?
Dr. Sumei SUN, Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R),
Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore
Sumei SUN has been with the Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R) since 1995. She is now Head of the Communications and Networks Cluster, focusing on Smart communications and networks for robust, QoS/QoE-guaranteed, and energy- and spectrum-efficient connectivity for human, machine, and things. She is also the lead principal investigator of the Industrial IoT Research Program at the Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore.
Dr Sun has authored and co–authored more than two hundred technical papers in prestigious IEEE journals and conferences. She’s inventor and co-inventor of thirty granted patents and over thirty patent applications, many of which have been licensed to industry. For her achievement in technology invention and industry contribution, she and her team was honored with the Scientist-Entrepreneur Award from the Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (A*STAR) in 2008.
Dr Sun has served in many conferences with different roles. Some of her recent IEEE conference services include Executive Vice Chair of IEEE Globecom 2017, be held in Singapore in December 2017, Tutorial Co-Chair of ICC 2019, etc. She’s also serving as an Area Editor of IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, and Editor of IEEE ComSoc Surveys and Tutorials. She received the “Top Associate Editor” award in 2011, 2012, and 2015, all from IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology.
She is a Fellow of the IEEE, and a Distinguished Lecturer in the IEEE Vehicular Technology Society’s Distinguished Lecture Program during 2014 – 2018, and Vice Director of IEEE ComSoc Asia Pacific Board (2016-2017).
Presentation: Cognitive Industrial Internet of Things
Industrial internet of things (IIoT), by providing connectivity to machines, robots, and sensors, etc, enables data intelligence-assisted information technology (IT) and operation technology (OT) convergence, and is a key technology in industry 4.0. In IIoT, multi-disciplinary research on communications, storage, computing and data analysis, control and management, and security, as well as cross-disciplinary system-level design optimization is needed, with built-in autonomous learning and adaptation capabilities.
In this talk, we will start with a brief introduction to IIoT, and then share the IIoT research and design challenges. A design approach will then be proposed to overcome these challenges, under the theme of cognitive IIoT in which the device and the network will build up learning capabilities for context-aware resource, interference, and mobility management, automated fault detection and recovery, and robust connectivity; multi-modal security detection capability is incorporated into the device and network for real-time anomaly and security detection and management. The interactive and cooperative edge-cloud analytics will also be introduced to enable low-latency real-time actionable insight and robust feature engineering.
Aaron Voon-Yew Thean, National University of Singapore (NUS), and Office of Deputy President (Research Technology) NUS
Aaron Voon-Yew Thean is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and the Director of Industry Engagement and Partnerships at the Office of Deputy President (Research Technology) NUS. He is also a consulting Fellow to IMEC, a Nano-electronic Research Center, based in Belgium.
Prior to joining NUS in 2016, Aaron served as IMEC’s Vice President of Logic Technologies where he led IMEC’s International path-finding research consortium on advanced semiconductor technologies, which included top industry partners like Intel, Samsung, TSMC, Globalfoundries, and Qualcomm. Before IMEC, he was with Qualcomm in San Diego, California, USA. There, he led the Strategic Silicon Technologies Group responsible for new System-On-Chip technologies. From 2007 to 2009, Aaron led the technology alliance team to develop the low-power bulk CMOS common platform technology at IBM East Fishkill, New York. He and his team developed the Industry’s first foundry-compatible Gate-First High-k Metal-Gate with novel SiGe channel Low-Power 32nm and 28nm bulk CMOS technologies. It enabled some of today’s most successful smart mobile devices (E.g. Apple A6 in iphone 5, Samsung Exygnos 4, S1 in AppleWatch) in production by the foundry partners.
Aaron started his industry career as a senior staff scientist with Motorola’s Advanced Product Research and Development Laboratory and Freescale Semiconductor. He subsequently led the Novel Device Research Group there in Austin, Texas. He graduated from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, USA. Aaron has published over 300 technical papers and holds more than 50 U.S. patents for inventions in the field of advanced electronics. He also serves an editor for the IEEE Electron device letters. Most recently, he has been recognized as Returning Singaporean Scientist by Singapore’s National Research Foundation. Aaron’s current research interests include advanced electronic materials, Nanoelectronics for IoT, Next-Generation Wearable Electronics, and Hybrid-Flexible Electronics. Actively contributing to Singapore’s research scene, he serves on multiple scientific advisory boards, including Singapore-MIT Alliance on Low-Energy Electronic Systems, A*Star Institute of Microelectronics, and Huawei Singapore Research Center.
Presentation: How’s IoT different from Internet and How it may be the same? – A Technologist’s View
We assume that as hardware and data communication technologies become increasingly accessible and commoditized, the embedment of these technologies into all things of our lives should naturally follow. Billions of connected devices serving up massive quantity of data would allow us to optimize with high precision, our resources, productivity, and work. Although IoT will improve society technologically, do we really understand the business model to fuel the movement?
Technology diversity tend to come with increased accessibility. Hardware-wise, the Internet-of-Things is inherently more fragmented and diverse than our current Internet technologies. It seems that low-cost high-mix electronics dominate the edge applications. Technology businesses that fueled the internet infrastructure growth, like Semiconductor and Electronics Manufacturing, may find it challenging to capitalize on this growth with their traditional high-volume manufacturing approaches. Hence, we see a growing call for platforms, standards and ecosystems to be defined. These will likely have to be in the context of new internet services, enabled by these connected devices.
In this presentation, we will look at some of the key technology convergences that led to the acceleration of the Internet before IoT and how new convergences (E.g. Machine Learning, 5G Communications, Smart City, Precision Medicine, Wearables, Etc.) may lead similarly the IoT acceleration. Looking at the value chain of the Internet today, online services provide significant business opportunities. Will this be different or the same with IoT? How will hardware technology keep up while being commoditized and who will make the money? New IoT services enabled by new hardware and software innovation will likely be necessary to drive the IoT economy. We will examine selected technologies (E.g. Semiconductors, Wireless, Artificial Intelligence, Wearables, Etc.) and their potentials towards a new convergence and the technological challenges still to be overcome.