The economics of IoT solutions depend on the ability to operate at scale with common components and common
infrastructure that work in the same way anywhere in the world. To achieve such scale it is important to create
practices, standards, and de-facto mechanisms such as open source that result in long-lived protocols and
interfaces. At the same time there are significant technical challenges in developing new technologies that work
across verticals and can reliably deal with the complexity inherent to IoT. The objective of the sessions on this
subject is to identify areas where the IEEE can most effectively contribute to effective development of horizontal
platforms and frameworks.